Since Habitat I in 1976, the housing provision system in Malaysia have gone through various phases to keep pace with country's political economy changes and globalization as promoted by the international agencies such as the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF). Malaysia have made tremendous progress to address severe housing shortage, substandard housing and slums in the urban areas since independence in 1957. The Structure of Housing Provision (SHP) framework will be used to analyze the changes of housing provision system in Malaysia since 1970s. The housing provision in Malaysia since 1971 can be divided into four phases namely Housing the Poor (1971–1985), Market Reform (1986–1997), Slums Clearance (1998–2011) and State Affordable Housing (2012-to date).
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