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Nico Nieboer, Vincent Gruis
Since the financial and administrative liberalisation from the government in the late 1980s and the 1990s, the Dutch housing associations have been very dynamic, regarding the considerable extension of both commercial and social activities, the...
Gerard van Bortel, Vincent Gruis
Affordable housing is increasingly developed, financed and managed by a mix of state, third-sector, market, and community actors. This has led to the emergence of various hybrid governance and finance arrangements. This development can be seen as...
Nico Nieboer, Vincent Gruis, Anke van Hal, Sasha Tsenkova
Energy efficiency has gained a lot of prominence in recent debates on urban sustainability and housing policy due to its potential consequences for climate change. At the local, national and also international level, there are numerous initiatives...