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L. M. Kuyper, T. M. Lampinen, K. Li, P. M. Spittal, R. S. Hogg, M. T. Schechter, E. Wood
OBJECTIVES: While much research to date has examined female sex trade work, little has been done to evaluate factors associated with male sex trade involvement or to assess their health service needs. This is particularly true for male sex trade...
Jo-Anne Madeleine Stoltz, Kate Shannon, Thomas Kerr, Ruth Zhang, Julio Montaner, Evan Wood
Although research has examined the impacts of childhood maltreatment among various marginalized populations, few studies have explored the relationship between child abuse and subsequent involvement in sex work among drug-using street-involved youth...
Cari L. Miller, Sarah J. Fielden, Mark W. Tyndall, Ruth Zhang, Kate Gibson, Kate Shannon
Purpose: Because of growing concerns regarding the heightened vulnerabilities and risk of human immunodeficiency virus infection among youth who exchange sex for survival, we investigated individual risk patterns and structural barriers among...
Putu Duff, Kathleen Deering, Kate Gibson, Mark Tyndall, Kate Shannon
Drawing on data from a community-based prospective cohort study in Vancouver, Canada, we examined the prevalence and individual, interpersonal and work environment correlates of homelessness among 252 women in street-based sex work. Bivariate and...
P. M. Spittal, J. Bruneau, K. J. Craib, C. Miller, F. Lamothe, Amy Elizabeth Weber, K. Li, M. W. Tyndall, M. V. O'Shaughnessy, M. T. Schechter
In Canada, very little is known about the factors and processes that cause drug-related harm among female intravenous drug users (IDUs). Women who inject drugs and participate in the survival sex trade are considered to be at increased risk for...
K. N. Deering, J. A. Shoveller, M. W. Tyndall, J. S. Montaner, K. Shannon
This study investigated the relationship between drug use and sex work patterns and sex work income earned among street-based female sex workers (FSWs) in Vancouver, Canada. Methods We used data from a sample of 129 FSWs who used drugs in a...
Kimberly A. Tyler, Les B. Whitbeck, Dan R. Hoyt, Kevin A. Yoder
Path analysis was used to investigate factors associated with self-reported sexually transmitted diseases among 569 homeless and runaway adolescents in four Midwestern states. Youth were interviewed by outreach workers directly on the streets, in...
Mark W. Tyndall, D. Patrick, P. Spittal, M. V. O'Shaughnessy, M. T. Schechter
Injection drug use is inextricably linked to commercial sex work and the transmission of sexually transmitted disease (STD). In many communities prevention efforts have been stalled owing to the marginal existence of this community. This study...
Kimberly A. Tyler, Les B. Whitbeck, Dan R. Hoyt, Ana M. Cauce
Risk factors associated with the likelihood of being sexually victimized by a stranger or friend/acquaintance since being on the street was examined among 372 homeless and runaway youth. Young people were interviewed on the streets and in shelters...
OBJECTIVE: Patterns of psychiatric comorbidity were assessed in adults with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) identified through a genetic study of families containing multiple children with ADHD. METHOD: Lifetime ADHD and...