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Paul Toro
Abstract This paper reviews and evaluates the literatures on children in families that are homeless and on adolescents who are homeless on their own. After presenting several emerging theoretical approaches, we propose a broad...
Paul A. Toro
FREE Access to Full Text: This article was featured in the "Special Section on Parenting and Homelessness", guest edited by the Homelessness Resource Center and published in the American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. It discusses violence among...
Paul A. Toro
Homelessness, once considered a problem confined to Third World nations and to periods of war and economic depression, has recently emerged as a major social issue in most developed nations. In the United States, the number of articles published on...
Paul A. Toro, Tegan M. Lesperance, Jordan M. Braciszewski
Annual prevalence estimates for homeless youth in the U.S. have ranged as high as 1.6 million among those aged 13-17 (Ringwalt et al., 1998). Robertson and Toro (1999) concluded that youth may be the single age group most at risk of becoming...
Jordan M. Braciszewski, Paul A. Toro, Robert L. Stout
Stable housing provides a solid foundation for youth development, making it an essential topic of study among young homeless people. Although gains have been made in research with adolescents and young adults experiencing homelessness, few...
Paul A. Toro, Marta Oko-Riebau
The present study investigated the main and stress-buffering effects of social support in a representative sample of homeless adults (N = 200) obtained in a 2-city region of southern Poland. Two different measures of social support were used: the...
Carolyn J. Tompsett, Sarah E. Domoff, Paul A. Toro
Adolescents who experience homelessness are at higher risk for abusing substances, and for being exposed to substance-using peers. The current study used a longitudinal design to track substance abuse, affiliation with substance-using peers, and...
Paul Toro, Susan Wolfe, Charles Bellavia, David Thomas, Lauren Rowland, Chester Daeschler, Pamela McCaskill
A three-step method for obtaining probability samples of homeless adults across diverse settings over large geographical areas was applied in two cities. Brief surveys determined that most homeless people (71-73%) had used a shelter in the prior...
Paul A. Toro, Karen L. Hobden, Kathleen Wyszacki Durham, Marta Oko-Riebau, Anna Bokszczanin
This study compared the characteristics of probability samples of homeless adults in Poland (N = 200 from two cities) and the United States (N = 219 from one city), using measures with established reliability and validity in homeless populations....