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Anita Palepu, Mark W. Tyndall
Part I of this book highlighted the diversity of urban populations. We learned that the residents of an urban core often differ widely in terms of income, age, education, chronic health conditions, physical ability and mental capacity. They can...
Miriam W. Boeri, Benjamin D. Tyndall
Our aim is to address this gap in knowledge on older users by comparing contextual factors that influence risk behaviors and harm reduction strategies practiced by older drug users living in different communities (Authors).
K. Shannon, T. Ishida, C. Lai, M.W. Tyndall
Single room occupancy (SRO) hotel units represent the most basic shelter provided for low-income individuals living in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside (DTES). While homelessness and marginalized housing in general, have been identified as...
Mark W. Tyndall, Susan Brogly, Patricia Spittal, Martin T. Schechter
Access to clean needles and syringes through needle exchange programs (NEPs) has reduced both high-risk behaviors and the transmission of blood-borne infections among injection drug users (IDUs). However, policies regarding "needle-for-...
Evan Wood, Mark W. Tyndall, Julio S. Montaner, Thomas Kerr
In many cities, infectious disease and overdose epidemics are occurring among illicit injection drug users (IDUs). To reduce these concerns, Vancouver opened a supervised safer injecting facility in September 2003. Within the facility, people inject...
Putu Duff, Kathleen Deering, Kate Gibson, Mark Tyndall, Kate Shannon
Drawing on data from a community-based prospective cohort study in Vancouver, Canada, we examined the prevalence and individual, interpersonal and work environment correlates of homelessness among 252 women in street-based sex work. Bivariate and...
E. Wood, PM Spittal, W. Small, T. Kerr, K. Li, RS Hogg, MW Tyndall, MT Schechter
Law enforcement is often used in an way to protect the public from social, community and health-related harm due to illicit drug use by injection drug users (IDUs). However there is little evidence to show that such enforcement has any impact on the...
Mark W. Tyndall, Kevin J. P. Craib, Sue Currie, Kathy Li, Martin T. Schechter
Recent studies have indicated that injection-related infections such as abscesses and cellulitis account for the majority of emergency room visits and acute hospitalizations accrued by injection drug users. The objective of this analysis was to...
Mark W. Tyndall, D. Patrick, P. Spittal, M. V. O'Shaughnessy, M. T. Schechter
Injection drug use is inextricably linked to commercial sex work and the transmission of sexually transmitted disease (STD). In many communities prevention efforts have been stalled owing to the marginal existence of this community. This study...
Anita Palepu, Mark W. Tyndall, Kathy Li, Benita Yip, Martin T. Schechter, Robert S. Hogg
We conducted this study among HIV-infected injection drug users to determine the effect of self-reported alcohol use and prior incarceration at the time of initiating antiretroviral therapy on subsequent HIV-1 RNA suppression. We examined the...
E. Wood, M. W. Tyndall, Z. Qui, R. Zhang, J. S. Montaner, T. Kerr
In 2003, the city of Vancouver, British Columbia, opened North America's first government-sanctioned safer injecting facility, where injection drug users (IDUs) can inject preobtained illicit drugs under the supervision of nurses. Use of the...
K. Debeck, T. Kerr, L. Bird, Ruth Zhang, Diane Marsh, M. Tyndall, Julio Montaner, Evan Wood
BACKGROUND: Vancouver, Canada has a pilot supervised injecting facility (SIF), where individuals can inject pre-obtained drugs under the supervision of medical staff. There has been concern that the program may facilitate ongoing drug use and delay...
Mark W. Tyndall, Thomas Kerr, Ruth Zhang, Evelyn King, Julio Montaner, Evan Wooda
Background: North America’s first government sanctioned supervised injection facility (SIF) was opened in Vancouver in response to the serious health and social consequences of injection drug use and the perseverance of committed advocates and drug...
Cari L. Miller, Sarah J. Fielden, Mark W. Tyndall, Ruth Zhang, Kate Gibson, Kate Shannon
Purpose: Because of growing concerns regarding the heightened vulnerabilities and risk of human immunodeficiency virus infection among youth who exchange sex for survival, we investigated individual risk patterns and structural barriers among...
K. N. Deering, J. A. Shoveller, M. W. Tyndall, J. S. Montaner, K. Shannon
This study investigated the relationship between drug use and sex work patterns and sex work income earned among street-based female sex workers (FSWs) in Vancouver, Canada. Methods We used data from a sample of 129 FSWs who used drugs in a...