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Malcolm Kelly
For four days, Brian and his friend "J" shovelled snow out of the stands at Commonwealth Stadium in Edmonton, getting the place ready for the 98th Grey Cup on Sunday. They were part of a crew that at its peak totalled 70 people...
Rod Knight, Danya Fast, Kora DeBeck, Jean Shoveller, Will Small
Background Urban drug “scenes” have been identified as important risk environments that shape the health of street-entrenched youth. New knowledge is needed to inform policy and programing interventions to help reduce youths’ drug scene involvement...
C. Miller, P. Spittal, K. Li, N. Laliberte, J. Frankish, J. et al Shoveller
Objectives: To characterize trends in drug and sexual risk factors among injection drug users (IDU) according to their age at first injection.Methods: Data were collected through the Vancouver Injection Drug Users Study (VIDUS). To date over 1400...
B. D. Marshall, T. Kerr, J. A. Shoveller, J. S. Montaner, E. Wood
The prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among street-involved youth greatly exceed that of the general adolescent population; however, little is known regarding the structural factors that influence disease transmission risk...
K. N. Deering, J. A. Shoveller, M. W. Tyndall, J. S. Montaner, K. Shannon
This study investigated the relationship between drug use and sex work patterns and sex work income earned among street-based female sex workers (FSWs) in Vancouver, Canada. Methods We used data from a sample of 129 FSWs who used drugs in a...
K. Shannon, T. Kerr, S. A. Strathdee, J. Shoveller, J. S. Montaner, M. W. Tyndall
Rights violations and abuses experienced by female sex workers are seldom considered in discussions of violence against women, as shown by a review of the global scope and magnitude of gender based violence. The United Nations Convention on the...
B.D. Marshall, E. Grafstein, J.A. Buxton, J. Qi, E. Wood, J.A. Shoveller, T. Kerr
This study sought to determine whether frequent MA injection was a risk factor for ED utilization among street-involved youth. (Authors)
Peter Graefe
When governments put money in “hard” infrastructure, such as repairing a road, they are confident it will pay for itself. The immediate economic impact of paying for workers and materials is obvious. The longer term payoff in terms of producing...