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Andrea Krüsi, Evan Wood, Julio Montaner, Thomas Kerr
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has dramatically improved health outcomes among people living with HIV/AIDS. However, significant rates of HIV-related morbidity and mortality have persisted among HIV-positive injection drug users (IDU)...
Evan Wood, Mark W. Tyndall, Julio S. Montaner, Thomas Kerr
In many cities, infectious disease and overdose epidemics are occurring among illicit injection drug users (IDUs). To reduce these concerns, Vancouver opened a supervised safer injecting facility in September 2003. Within the facility, people inject...
Will Small, Andrea Krüsi, Evan Wood, Julio Montaner, Thomas Kerr
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Kora DeBeck, Thomas Kerr, Calvin Lai, Julio Montaner, Evan Wood
Innovative health programs for injection drug users (IDUs), such as supervised injecting facilities (SIFs), are often preceded by evaluations of IDUs' willingness to use the service. The validity of these surveys has not been fully evaluated....
E. Wood, M. W. Tyndall, Z. Qui, R. Zhang, J. S. Montaner, T. Kerr
In 2003, the city of Vancouver, British Columbia, opened North America's first government-sanctioned safer injecting facility, where injection drug users (IDUs) can inject preobtained illicit drugs under the supervision of nurses. Use of the...
Scott E. Hadland, Thomas Kerr, Kathy Li, Julio S. Montaner, Evan Wood
Background: A number of options for treatment are available to young drug users, but little is known about the youth who actually attempt to access such services. Here we identify characteristics of a cohort of street-involved youth and highlight...
Jo-Anne Madeleine Stoltz, Kate Shannon, Thomas Kerr, Ruth Zhang, Julio Montaner, Evan Wood
Although research has examined the impacts of childhood maltreatment among various marginalized populations, few studies have explored the relationship between child abuse and subsequent involvement in sex work among drug-using street-involved youth...
K. Debeck, T. Kerr, L. Bird, Ruth Zhang, Diane Marsh, M. Tyndall, Julio Montaner, Evan Wood
BACKGROUND: Vancouver, Canada has a pilot supervised injecting facility (SIF), where individuals can inject pre-obtained drugs under the supervision of medical staff. There has been concern that the program may facilitate ongoing drug use and delay...
B. D. Marshall, T. Kerr, J. A. Shoveller, J. S. Montaner, E. Wood
The prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among street-involved youth greatly exceed that of the general adolescent population; however, little is known regarding the structural factors that influence disease transmission risk...
Scott E. Hadland, Brandon D. L. Marshall, Thomas Kerr, Jiezhi Qi, Julio S. Montaner, Evan Wood
Purpose: Rates of depression among street youth are poorly characterized, particularly as they pertain to concurrent drug use. We sought to assess associations between drug type and degree of depression in this population....
B. D. Marshall, T. Kerr, J. Qi, J. S. Montaner, E. Wood
This study examines street-involved youth who inject illicit drugs. Although this group known to be at an increased risk of HIV and other adverse health outcomes, little is known about public injecting among this population and how injecting in...
Mark W. Tyndall, Thomas Kerr, Ruth Zhang, Evelyn King, Julio Montaner, Evan Wooda
Background: North America’s first government sanctioned supervised injection facility (SIF) was opened in Vancouver in response to the serious health and social consequences of injection drug use and the perseverance of committed advocates and drug...
Scott E. Hadland, Brandon D. L. Marshall, Thomas Kerr, Ruth Zhang, Julio S. Montaner, Evan Wood
Among 559 street youth recruited between 2005 and 2007 in Vancouver, Canada, young drug users (<21 years of age) were compared with older drug users (≥21 years) with regard to recent drug use and sexual practices using multiple logistic...
Brandon D. L. Marshall, M-J Milloy, Evan Wood, Julio S. Montaner, Thomas Kerr
BackgroundOverdose from illicit drugs is a leading cause of premature mortality in North America. Internationally, more than 65 supervised injecting facilities (SIFs), where drug users can inject pre-obtained illicit drugs, have been opened as part...
K. N. Deering, J. A. Shoveller, M. W. Tyndall, J. S. Montaner, K. Shannon
This study investigated the relationship between drug use and sex work patterns and sex work income earned among street-based female sex workers (FSWs) in Vancouver, Canada. Methods We used data from a sample of 129 FSWs who used drugs in a...