A Survey of Street Children in Northern Tanzania: How Abuse or Support Factors May Influence Migration to the Street

In October 2006, a survey was undertaken of youth “on the streets” in the Arusha and Kilimanjaro regions of Tanzania (n = 1,923). The question of interest was if street children who live on streets full-time differ concerning reports of abuse and support, compared to reports of children who are only part-time on the streets, and to children who don’t self-identify as “street children” at all. Results show full-time street children reporting significantly more abuse than part-time counterparts, or children who were not street children (mean difference = −1.44, P < .001). Concerning support scores, non-street children and part-time street children reported significantly more support from their family than full-time street children (mean difference = 1.70, P < .001). This information identifies possible reasons why vulnerable children migrate to live on the streets in the urban areas, and contributes to the limited literature and data on this subject.

Publication Date: 
2010
Publisher(s): 
SpringerLink
Pages: 
26–32
Volume: 
46
Issue: 
1
Journal Name: 
Community Mental Health Journal
Location: 
Tanzania